How colonial animals evolve.
    September 18, 2019
    Simpson, Carl, Amalia Herrera-Cubilla, and Jeremy BC Jackson. “How colonial animals evolve.” Science Advances 6, no. 2 (2020): eaaw9530. The evolution of modular colonial animals such as reef corals and bryozoans is enigmatic because of the ability for modules to proliferate asexually as whole colonies reproduce sexually. This reproductive duality...
    Differential niche dynamics among major marine invertebrate clades
    April 16, 2015
    Hopkins, M., Simpson, C., and Kiessling, W., 2014. Differential niche dynamics among major marine invertebrate clades. Ecology Letters. 17(3):314-323. doi: 10.1111/ele.12232. pdf The degree to which organisms retain their environmental preferences is of utmost importance in predicting their fate in a world of rapid climate change. Notably, marine invertebrates frequently...
    How many levels are there?
    April 5, 2015
    Simpson, C. 2011. How many levels are there? How insights from evolutionary transitions in individuality help measure the hierarchical complexity of life. In, The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited, Brett Calcott & Kim Sterelny eds. MIT Press. pdf How the vast range of spatial and temporal scales on which biological...